I believe that we have two types of Toads here in my area of Arkansas. One is the Dwarf American Toad and the other is the Fowler's Toad. I think the below photo is of a Fowler's Toad. The Fowler's Toad has a white stripe down the middle of its back and the large parotid gland on each side of its head. I don't remember if this one had a stripe, but I think I can make one out in my photo. I read that only the adults have this stripe. I also read that they can be found in pine forests and I have lots of pines in my yard.
I found this Toad yesterday, backed up against my house. When I approached it for a photo, it hopped away and stopped on a gopher mound. I had better light for the photo at this location and took a bunch of photos before it hopped into the grass.
Fowler's Toad - Arkansas
Fowler's Toad Facts
- It is native to North America, where it occurs in much of the eastern United States and parts of adjacent Canada.
- This Toad was named for Samuel Page Fowler (1800–1888) from Massachusetts, who was a founder of the Essex County Natural History Society, which later became the Essex Institute.
- Fowler's Toad is usually brown, grey, olive green and rust red in color with darkened warty spots. If the toad has a pale stripe on its back it is an adult.
- The belly is usually uniformly whitish except for one dark spot.
- It uses defensive coloration to blend into its surroundings.
- It also secretes a noxious compound from the warts on its back. The secretion is distasteful to predators and can be lethal to small mammals.
- The toad is also known to play dead.
- It burrows into the ground during hot, dry periods and during the winter.
- The adult eats insects and other small terrestrial invertebrates, but avoids earthworms.
- Source: Wikipedia and Herps of Arkansas